The Battery revolution has produced a new frenzy in the Australian outback!
In most of the world cobalt is extracted as a by-product of copper and nickel, but it has recently become more valuable than nickel because of its scarecity.
Such is the anticipated demand for it in the lithhium -ion battery industry that shortages are expected within a few years.
In each case, the companies aregue that they offer a more secure source of raw material can be rpoduced more cheaply from brine in South American, political, business
and legal risks are lower in Australia.Moreover, Mr Brinsden argues that spodumene can be processed directly into lithium hydroxide,
which is preferred by battery-makers to the lithim carbonate that comes from lithim chloride in brine.
Phil Thick ,boss of Tianqi Lithium Australia,the majority-owner of Greenbushes, a lithium mine in Western Australia that is the world’s largest ,foresees no shortage of lithium itself-
especially metal that is lower grade than that mined from Greenbushes.
But he says there is a lack of processing capacity, so Tianqi, which is Chinese -owned, and its American partner, Albermarle, haveplans to lift production of lithium hydroxide in Western
Australia for export to China.
As for cobalt, clearn TeQ says that its production will have none of the ethical issues associated with the Democratic Republic of Congo(DRC)
from where 60% of today’s supply comes.DRC cobalt is partly produced by “artisanal”miners that often use children with pickaxes to produce the metal.
There are Many Benefits of Switching to an Electronic Pipette
Accuracy, precision, ergonomics and efficiency are of the utmost importance when it comes to choosing your pipettes. One of the most significant advances in pipetting technology was the advent of the electronic pipette, which has revolutionized liquid handling in the modern lab. The electronic pipette is used routinely in all types of laboratories. Pipettes come in a range of shapes and sizes, and with a variety of different technologies incorporated into their design, enabling scientists to find the best fit for them.
1. Time Saving
One of the primary benefits of an electronic pipette is increasing productivity in the lab. Scientists have a limited amount of time to spend in the lab each day, and any advantage that can reduce the amount of time spent pipetting and free up that time for other tasks is beneficial. Further to this, certain protocol steps require reagents to be added to reaction wells across a 96 well plate quickly while maintaining accuracy. An electronic pipette can be of huge benefit to scientists in these situations. Did you also know some electronic pipettes can be programmed to follow your protocol? For example, you can program some of these pipettes to aspirate and dispense 500 µL, followed by 750 µL and 1000 µL.
2. Electronic Pipette Ergonomics
There is a lot of discussion about ergonomics these days. From office chairs and desk heights to how to lift heavy objects; people have become more aware of how important ergonomics is to overall wellbeing. In science, Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) is the hot topic when it comes to ergonomics. Scientists can develop thumb, wrist, or shoulder pain after pipetting for long periods of time. Switching to an electronic pipette greatly reduces scientists’ risk of RSI, due to improved ergonomic shape and design, and reduced thump activity during prolonged and repeated pipetting. Although many electronic pipettes were traditionally heavier than their mechanical counterparts, Advances in plastics and batteries enable some designs to be extremely light
4. Reduced Sources of Human Error
Having most of the pipetting process automated by using electronic pipette likely reduces the possibility of human error. User to user variability is also removed from equation if scientists are using the same settings, meaning that data and results become more reproducibly.
When it comes to batteries, most of us do not pay much attention to them beyond size, purpose and ability to be recharged. Everyone knows about AA, AAA and D cells, watch batteries and car batteries, but when it comes to other types, few people can distinguish their purpose and performance. The key to understanding battery ratings is to learn about and decipher their specifications.
At its most basic, a battery is anything that stores energy to be used at a later time. By this definition, even a rock pushed to the edge of a cliff can be considered a battery because the energy it took to push it to the edge is stored as potential kinetic energy, which can be released by rolling the rock down the cliff. Today, however, the term battery is reserved for a device that stores electrical energy.
The first batteries were invented by the Sumerians in 250 B.C., and it is believed they were used to electroplate metals for jewelry. Since this time, batteries have changed substantially, but they still have the same general design: two electrodes composed of different metals submerged in an electrolyte solution. The first modern battery is attributed to Alessandro Volta, and it was made of a copper electrode and a zinc electrode with an electrolyte solution of sulfuric acid mixed with water or brine.